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5.0: WORK

5.0: WORK

 TOPIC 5: WORK



5.1 The meaning of work

Ø  Define work

Ø  Name different work related activities done in the community

5.2 Importance of work

Ø  Explain the importance of work for self development

Ø  Relate work to the development of the nation

5.1 The meaning of work

Ø  Define work

Ø  Name different work related activities done in the community

MEANING OF CAREER AND RELATED CONCEPTS

Career

A career is an occupation or job that someone does for a long period of his or her life.

For example one can have a career in accountancy, medicine, geology, teaching, political science, engineering, marketing, banking, psychology and journalism.

Career choice

This means choosing the job that one likes

For example, some people may choose careers in teaching, law, engineering, medicine, accountancy and geology.  After choosing a career, one needs to further develop it.

Career development

This means doing things which enable a person to excel in the career he or she has choose.

For example, an individual may undergo further training so as to improve knowledge and skills in relation to a career.

FACTORS AFFECTING CAREER DEVELOPMENT

Are internal or external factors that affect an individual either positively or negatively in the process of developing a career.

Internal factors that can affect career development

i) Personal characteristics and internal motivation

For example, people who like serving others are likely to choose and enjoy working as teachers, doctors or nurses. Similarly, Internal force may push an individual to choose a certain career.

ii) Age

iii) Health problems and disabilities

External factors that can affect career development

        i)            Financial resources

       ii)            External motivation

     iii)            Family obligation

IMPORTANCE OF DEVELOPING A CAREER

        i)            Helps individual to move in the right direction and achieve personal goals

       ii)            Promotes knowledge, skills and professionalism

     iii)            Strengthens motivation and confidence

     iv)            Improves efficiency and production        in an organization

       v)            Facilitates better utilisation of employees' skills and knowledge

     vi)            It enables organisations to          reduce coast

Meaning of work

Work

Is any legal activity or task that requires mental and effort to achieve results

                                                    Or

Is any lawful activity that a person does to earn a living.

Ø  It is the duty of every member of the community to work. People must participate in activities that will improve their living standards as well as develop the nation

TYPES OF WORK

Work-related activities may be  categorized as

        i)            Physical work

       ii)             Mental work-related activities

     iii)            Physical work

These are activities which need more Of physical energy than mental energy.  Examples include cultivation, plumbing and carpentry

ii) Mental work-related activities

These are duties and tasks which require mental effort to accomplish. Examples teaching, designing, nurse, communication networking

CLASSIFICATION OF CAREERS AND FIELDS IN WHICH PEPLE MAY FIND VARIOUS JOBS

CAREERS/ ACTIVITIES

TYPES OF GOODS PRODUCED/  SERVICES  PROVIDED

JOBS

1. Agriculture

1. Wood, crops  and animal products

1. Farmers and livestock keepers

2. Finance/ Banking nn

2. Financial transactions

2. Bank managers, accountants, auditor

3. Health services

3. Health care

3. Doctors, nurses, medical scientists

4. Education and training

4. Teaching

4. Teachers, lecturers and tutors

5. Carpentry

5. Furniture

5. Carpenter

6. Transportation

6. Transporting goods and people

6. Drivers, captain, pitot

7. Tourism

7. Leisure

7. Tour guider

 

CHOOSING A CAREER

Choosing a career is a continuous process. Success in any kind of career is the result of your effort to learn and make good decisions.

PROCEDURES OF CHOOSING A CAREER

        i)            Assess yourself or knowing yourself

Each person has different goals, interest and talents. Think about where you are now, where you want to be in the future and how you will get there. Making self-assessment promotes the making of proper decision in choosing a satisfying career

ii)  List careers of your interest

Find information on different careers and work-related activities in your community    

iii) Identify options

Find detailed information about procedures, conditions and other important requirements for each career. For example, if you want to be an engineer find out what skills, education and values an engineer needs to have skills

iv) Narrow down your list of careers and work-related activities

Choose the best career after assessing all the options. Make sure that the career matches your interests, values, strengths and talents

v) Be focused

Do not get distracted by other people's opinions as long as the choice suits your value, strength and talents. Focusing on the career of your choice  increases chances of achieving your dreams.

SOURCES OF INFORMATION ON CAREERS

        i)            Parents and guardians

       ii)            Peers or friends

     iii)            Mass media eg radio, newspapers

     iv)            Social networks such as WhatsApp, Facebook and Twitter

       v)            Visiting libraries

     vi)            Inviting guest speakers

IMPORTANCE OF WORK

IMPORTANCES OF WORK TO AN INDIVIDUAL

        i)            Satisfaction of basic needs such as food, clothing and shelter

       ii)            It builds social identity

     iii)            It promotes culture

     iv)            It promote personal worth and respect

       v)            It promote peace and security

     vi)            It helps to maintain one’s health

IMPORTANCES OF WORK TO A NATIONAL DEELOPMENT

        i)            It is a source of government revenue

       ii)            It enable government to provide social services

     iii)             it reduces crime and other social problems such as robbery, theft

     iv)            It enable a nation to be economically independent and free from external control

       v)            It enable government to engage in development projects such as building roads

 

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